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How to configure the Linux kernel/fs/nls

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Howto configure the Linux kernel / fs / nls


Native language support configuration

Native Language SupportEdit

  • Option: NLS
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Base native language support
      The base Native Language Support. A number of filesystems depend on it (e.g. FAT, JOLIET, NT, BEOS filesystems), as well as the ability of some filesystems to use native languages (NCP, SMB).
      If unsure, say Y.
      To compile this code as a module, choose M here: the module will be called nls_base.


  • Option: NLS_DEFAULT
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...

"Default NLS Option"

    • depends on NLS
    • default "iso8859-1"
      The default NLS used when mounting file system. Note, that this is the NLS used by your console, not the NLS used by a specific file system (if different) to store data (filenames) on a disk. Currently, the valid values are: big5, cp437, cp737, cp775, cp850, cp852, cp855, cp857, cp860, cp861, cp862, cp863, cp864, cp865, cp866, cp869, cp874, cp932, cp936, cp949, cp950, cp1251, cp1255, euc-jp, euc-kr, gb2312, iso8859-1, iso8859-2, iso8859-3, iso8859-4, iso8859-5, iso8859-6, iso8859-7, iso8859-8, iso8859-9, iso8859-13, iso8859-14, iso8859-15, koi8-r, koi8-ru, koi8-u, sjis, tis-620, utf8. If you specify a wrong value, it will use the built-in NLS; compatible with iso8859-1.
      If unsure, specify it as "iso8859-1".


  • ou want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage that is used in the United States and parts of Canada. This is recommended.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_737
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 737 (Greek)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage that is used for Greek. If unsure, say N.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_775
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 775 (Baltic Rim)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage that is used for the Baltic Rim Languages (Latvian and Lithuanian). If unsure, say N.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_850
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 850 (Europe)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage that is used for much of Europe -- United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Italy, and [add more countries here]. It has some characters useful to many European languages that are not part of the US codepage 437.
      If unsure, say Y.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_852
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 852 (Central/Eastern Europe)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the Latin 2 codepage used by DOS for much of Central and Eastern Europe. It has all the required characters for these languages: Albanian, Croatian, Czech, English, Finnish, Hungarian, Irish, German, Polish, Romanian, Serbian (Latin transcription), Slovak, Slovenian, and Sorbian.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_855
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 855 (Cyrillic)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Cyrillic.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_857
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 857 (Turkish)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Turkish.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_860
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 860 (Portuguese)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Portuguese.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_861
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 861 (Icelandic)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Icelandic.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_862
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 862 (Hebrew)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Hebrew.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_863
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 863 (Canadian French)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Canadian French.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_864
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 864 (Arabic)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Arabic.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_865
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 865 (Norwegian, Danish)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for the Nordic European countries.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_866
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 866 (Cyrillic/Russian)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Cyrillic/Russian.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_869
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Codepage 869 (Greek)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Greek.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_936
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Simplified Chinese charset (CP936, GB2312)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Simplified Chinese(GBK).


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_950
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Traditional Chinese charset (Big5)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Traditional Chinese(Big5).


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_932
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Japanese charsets (Shift-JIS, EUC-JP)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Shift-JIS or EUC-JP. To use EUC-JP, you can use 'euc-jp' as mount option or NLS Default value during kernel configuration, instead of 'cp932'.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_949
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Korean charset (CP949, EUC-KR)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for UHC.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_874
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Thai charset (CP874, TIS-620)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Thai.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_8
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Hebrew charsets (ISO-8859-8, CP1255)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for ISO8859-8, the Hebrew character set.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_1250
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Windows CP1250 (Slavic/Central European Languages)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CDROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Windows CP-1250 character set, which works for most Latin-written Slavic and Central European languages: Czech, German, Hungarian, Polish, Rumanian, Croatian, Slovak, Slovene.


  • Option: NLS_CODEPAGE_1251
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Windows CP1251 (Bulgarian, Belarusian)
    • depends on NLS
      The Microsoft FAT file system family can deal with filenames in native language character sets. These character sets are stored in so-called DOS codepages. You need to include the appropriate codepage if you want to be able to read/write these filenames on DOS/Windows partitions correctly. This does apply to the filenames only, not to the file contents. You can include several codepages; say Y here if you want to include the DOS codepage for Russian and Bulgarian and Belarusian.


  • Option: NLS_ASCII
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) ASCII (United States)
    • depends on NLS
      An ASCII NLS module is needed if you want to override the DEFAULT NLS with this very basic charset and don't want any non-ASCII characters to be translated.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_1
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-1 (Latin 1; Western European Languages)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Latin 1 character set, which covers most West European languages such as Albanian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Faeroese, Finnish, French, German, Galician, Irish, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swedish. It is also the default for the US. If unsure, say Y.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_2
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-2 (Latin 2; Slavic/Central European Languages)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Latin 2 character set, which works for most Latin-written Slavic and Central European languages: Czech, German, Hungarian, Polish, Rumanian, Croatian, Slovak, Slovene.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_3
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-3 (Latin 3; Esperanto, Galician, Maltese, Turkish)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Latin 3 character set, which is popular with authors of Esperanto, Galician, Maltese, and Turkish.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_4
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-4 (Latin 4; old Baltic charset)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Latin 4 character set which introduces letters for Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian. It is an incomplete predecessor of Latin 7.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_5
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-5 (Cyrillic)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for ISO8859-5, a Cyrillic character set with which you can type Bulgarian, Belarusian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian. Note that the charset KOI8-R is preferred in Russia.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_6
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-6 (Arabic)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for ISO8859-6, the Arabic character set.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_7
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-7 (Modern Greek)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for ISO8859-7, the Modern Greek character set.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_9
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-9 (Latin 5; Turkish)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Latin 5 character set, and it replaces the rarely needed Icelandic letters in Latin 1 with the Turkish ones. Useful in Turkey.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_13
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-13 (Latin 7; Baltic)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Latin 7 character set, which supports modern Baltic languages including Latvian and Lithuanian.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_14
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-14 (Latin 8; Celtic)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Latin 8 character set, which adds the last accented vowels for Welsh (aka Cymraeg) (and Manx Gaelic) that were missing in Latin 1. <http://linux.speech.cymru.org/> has further information.


  • Option: NLS_ISO8859_15
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS ISO 8859-15 (Latin 9; Western European Languages with Euro)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the Latin 9 character set, which covers most West European languages such as Albanian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faeroese, Finnish, French, German, Galician, Irish, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swedish. Latin 9 is an update to Latin 1 (ISO 8859-1) that removes a handful of rarely used characters and instead adds support for Estonian, corrects the support for French and Finnish, and adds the new Euro character. If unsure, say Y.


  • Option: NLS_KOI8_R
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS KOI8-R (Russian)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the preferred Russian character set.


  • Option: NLS_KOI8_U
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS KOI8-U/RU (Ukrainian, Belarusian)
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the preferred Ukrainian (koi8-u) and Belarusian (koi8-ru) character sets.


  • Option: NLS_UTF8
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) NLS UTF8
    • depends on NLS
      If you want to display filenames with native language characters from the Microsoft FAT file system family or from JOLIET CD-ROMs correctly on the screen, you need to include the appropriate input/output character sets. Say Y here for the UTF-8 encoding of the Unicode/ISO9646 universal character set.



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