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How to configure the Linux kernel/drivers/net/wan

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Howto configure the Linux kernel / drivers / net / wan


wan devices configuration

Wan interfacesEdit

    • depends on NETDEVICES


  • Option: WAN
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Wan interfaces support
      Wide Area Networks (WANs), such as X.25, Frame Relay and leased lines, are used to interconnect Local Area Networks (LANs) over vast distances with data transfer rates significantly higher than those achievable with commonly used asynchronous modem connections.
      Usually, a quite expensive external device called a `WAN router' is needed to connect to a WAN. As an alternative, a relatively inexpensive WAN interface card can allow your Linux box to directly connect to a WAN.
      If you have one of those cards and wish to use it under Linux, say Y here and also to the WAN driver for your card.
      If unsure, say N.
There is no way to detect a comtrol sv11 - force it modular for now.


  • Option: HOSTESS_SV11
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Comtrol Hostess SV-11 support
    • depends on WAN && ISA && m && ISA_DMA_API
      Driver for Comtrol Hostess SV-11 network card which operates on low speed synchronous serial links at up to 256kbit/s, supporting PPP and Cisco HDLC.
      The driver will be compiled as a module: the module will be called hostess_sv11.
The COSA/SRP driver has not been tested as non-modular yet.


  • Option: COSA
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) COSA/SRP sync serial boards support
    • depends on WAN && ISA && m && ISA_DMA_API
      Driver for COSA and SRP synchronous serial boards.
      These boards allow to connect synchronous serial devices (for example base-band modems, or any other device with the X.21, V.24, V.35 or V.36 interface) to your Linux box. The cards can work as the character device, synchronous PPP network device, or the Cisco HDLC network device.
      You will need user-space utilities COSA or SRP boards for downloading the firmware to the cards and to set them up. Look at the <http://www.fi.muni.cz/~kas/cosa/> for more information. You can also read the comment at the top of the <file:drivers/net/wan/cosa.c> for details about the cards and the driver itself.
      The driver will be compiled as a module: the module will be called cosa.


  • Option: DSCC4
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Etinc PCISYNC serial board support
    • depends on WAN && PCI && m
      Driver for Etinc PCISYNC boards based on the Infineon (ex. Siemens) DSCC4 chipset.
      This is supposed to work with the four port card. Take a look at <http://www.cogenit.fr/dscc4/> for further information about the driver.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called dscc4.


  • Option: DSCC4_PCISYNC
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Etinc PCISYNC features
    • depends on DSCC4
      Due to Etinc's design choice for its PCISYNC cards, some operations are only allowed on specific ports of the DSCC4. This option is the only way for the driver to know that it shouldn't return a success code for these operations.
      Please say Y if your card is an Etinc's PCISYNC.


  • Option: DSCC4_PCI_RST
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Hard reset support
    • depends on DSCC4
      Various DSCC4 bugs forbid any reliable software reset of the ASIC. As a replacement, some vendors provide a way to assert the PCI #RST pin of DSCC4 through the GPIO port of the card. If you choose Y, the driver will make use of this feature before module removal (i.e. rmmod). The feature is known to be available on Commtech's cards. Contact your manufacturer for details.
      Say Y if your card supports this feature.
Lan Media's board. Currently 1000, 1200, 5200, 5245


  • Option: LANMEDIA
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) LanMedia Corp. SSI/V.35, T1/E1, HSSI, T3 boards
    • depends on WAN && PCI
      Driver for the following Lan Media family of serial boards:
      - LMC 1000 board allows you to connect synchronous serial devices (for example base-band modems, or any other device with the X.21, V.24, V.35 or V.36 interface) to your Linux box.
      - LMC 1200 with on board DSU board allows you to connect your Linux box directly to a T1 or E1 circuit.
      - LMC 5200 board provides a HSSI interface capable of running up to 52 Mbits per second.
      - LMC 5245 board connects directly to a T3 circuit saving the additional external hardware.
      To change setting such as syncPPP vs Cisco HDLC or clock source you will need lmcctl. It is available at <ftp://ftp.lanmedia.com/> (broken link).
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called lmc.
There is no way to detect a Sealevel board. Force it modular


  • Option: SEALEVEL_4021
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Sealevel Systems 4021 support
    • depends on WAN && ISA && m && ISA_DMA_API
      This is a driver for the Sealevel Systems ACB 56 serial I/O adapter.
      The driver will be compiled as a module: the module will be called sealevel.


  • Option: SYNCLINK_SYNCPPP
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) SyncLink HDLC/SYNCPPP support
    • depends on WAN
      Enables HDLC/SYNCPPP support for the SyncLink WAN driver.
      Normally the SyncLink WAN driver works with the main PPP driver <file:drivers/net/ppp_generic.c> and pppd program. HDLC/SYNCPPP support allows use of the Cisco HDLC/PPP driver <file:drivers/net/wan/syncppp.c>. The SyncLink WAN driver (in character devices) must also be enabled.
Generic HDLC


  • Option: HDLC
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Generic HDLC layer
    • depends on WAN
      Say Y to this option if your Linux box contains a WAN (Wide Area Network) card supported by this driver and you are planning to connect the box to a WAN.
      You will need supporting software from <http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/net/hdlc/>. Generic HDLC driver currently supports raw HDLC, Cisco HDLC, Frame Relay, synchronous Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) and X.25.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called hdlc.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: HDLC_RAW
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Raw HDLC support
    • depends on HDLC
      Generic HDLC driver supporting raw HDLC over WAN connections.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: HDLC_RAW_ETH
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Raw HDLC Ethernet device support
    • depends on HDLC
      Generic HDLC driver supporting raw HDLC Ethernet device emulation over WAN connections.
      You will need it for Ethernet over HDLC bridges.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: HDLC_CISCO
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Cisco HDLC support
    • depends on HDLC
      Generic HDLC driver supporting Cisco HDLC over WAN connections.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: HDLC_FR
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Frame Relay support
    • depends on HDLC
      Generic HDLC driver supporting Frame Relay over WAN connections.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: HDLC_PPP
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Synchronous Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) support
    • depends on HDLC
      Generic HDLC driver supporting PPP over WAN connections.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: HDLC_X25
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) X.25 protocol support
    • depends on HDLC && (LAPB=m && HDLC=m || LAPB=y)
      Generic HDLC driver supporting X.25 over WAN connections.
      If unsure, say N.

"X.25/LAPB support is disabled"

    • depends on WAN && HDLC && (LAPB!=m || HDLC!=m) && LAPB!=y


  • Option: PCI200SYN
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Goramo PCI200SYN support
    • depends on HDLC && PCI
      Driver for PCI200SYN cards by Goramo sp. j.
      If you have such a card, say Y here and see <http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/net/hdlc/>.
      To compile this as a module, choose M here: the module will be called pci200syn.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: WANXL
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) SBE Inc. wanXL support
    • depends on HDLC && PCI
      Driver for wanXL PCI cards by SBE Inc.
      If you have such a card, say Y here and see <http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/net/hdlc/>.
      To compile this as a module, choose M here: the module will be called wanxl.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: WANXL_BUILD_FIRMWARE
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) rebuild wanXL firmware
    • depends on WANXL && !PREVENT_FIRMWARE_BUILD
      Allows you to rebuild firmware run by the QUICC processor. It requires as68k, ld68k and hexdump programs.
      You should never need this option, say N.


  • Option: PC300
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Cyclades-PC300 support (RS-232/V.35, X.21, T1/E1 boards)
    • depends on HDLC && PCI
      Driver for the Cyclades-PC300 synchronous communication boards.
      These boards provide synchronous serial interfaces to your Linux box (interfaces currently available are RS-232/V.35, X.21 and T1/E1). If you wish to support Multilink PPP, please select the option later and read the file README.mlppp provided by PC300 package.
      To compile this as a module, choose M here: the module will be called pc300.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: PC300_MLPPP
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Cyclades-PC300 MLPPP support
    • depends on PC300 && PPP_MULTILINK && PPP_SYNC_TTY && HDLC_PPP
      Multilink PPP over the PC300 synchronous communication boards.

"Cyclades-PC300 MLPPP support is disabled."

    • depends on WAN && HDLC && PC300 && (PPP=n || !PPP_MULTILINK || PPP_SYNC_TTY=n || !HDLC_PPP)

"Refer to the file README.mlppp, provided by PC300 package."

    • depends on WAN && HDLC && PC300 && (PPP=n || !PPP_MULTILINK || PPP_SYNC_TTY=n || !HDLC_PPP)


  • Option: N2
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) SDL RISCom/N2 support
    • depends on HDLC && ISA
      Driver for RISCom/N2 single or dual channel ISA cards by SDL Communications Inc.
      If you have such a card, say Y here and see <http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/net/hdlc/>.
      Note that N2csu and N2dds cards are not supported by this driver.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called n2.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: C101
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Moxa C101 support
    • depends on HDLC && ISA
      Driver for C101 SuperSync ISA cards by Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd.
      If you have such a card, say Y here and see <http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/net/hdlc/>.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called c101.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: FARSYNC
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) FarSync T-Series support
    • depends on HDLC && PCI
      Support for the FarSync T-Series X.21 (and V.35/V.24) cards by FarSite Communications Ltd.
      Synchronous communication is supported on all ports at speeds up to 8Mbit/s (128K on V.24) using synchronous PPP, Cisco HDLC, raw HDLC, Frame Relay or X.25/LAPB.
      If you want the module to be automatically loaded when the interface is referenced then you should add "alias hdlcX farsync" to /etc/modprobe.conf for each interface, where X is 0, 1, 2, ..., or simply use "alias hdlc* farsync" to indicate all of them.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called farsync.


  • Option: DLCI
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Frame Relay DLCI support
    • depends on WAN
      Support for the Frame Relay protocol.
      Frame Relay is a fast low-cost way to connect to a remote Internet access provider or to form a private wide area network. The one physical line from your box to the local "switch" (i.e. the entry point to the Frame Relay network, usually at the phone company) can carry several logical point-to-point connections to other computers connected to the Frame Relay network. For a general explanation of the protocol, check out <http://www.mplsforum.org/>.
      To use frame relay, you need supporting hardware (called FRAD) and certain programs from the net-tools package as explained in <file:Documentation/networking/framerelay.txt>.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called dlci.


  • Option: DLCI_COUNT
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...

"Max open DLCI"

    • depends on DLCI
    • default "24"
      Maximal number of logical point-to-point frame relay connections (the identifiers of which are called DCLIs) that the driver can handle.
      The default is probably fine.


  • Option: DLCI_MAX
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...

"Max DLCI per device"

    • depends on DLCI
    • default "8"
      How many logical point-to-point frame relay connections (the identifiers of which are called DCLIs) should be handled by each of your hardware frame relay access devices.
      Go with the default.


  • Option: SDLA
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) SDLA (Sangoma S502/S508) support
    • depends on DLCI && ISA
      Driver for the Sangoma S502A, S502E, and S508 Frame Relay Access Devices.
      These are multi-protocol cards, but only Frame Relay is supported by the driver at this time. Please read <file:Documentation/networking/framerelay.txt>.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called sdla.
Wan router core.


  • Option: WAN_ROUTER_DRIVERS
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) WAN router drivers
    • depends on WAN && WAN_ROUTER
      Connect LAN to WAN via Linux box.
      Select driver your card and remember to say Y to "Wan Router." You will need the wan-tools package which is available from <ftp://ftp.sangoma.com/>. For more information read: <file:Documentation/networking/wan-router.txt>.
      Note that the answer to this question won't directly affect the kernel: saying N will just cause the configurator to skip all the questions about WAN router drivers.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: VENDOR_SANGOMA
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Sangoma WANPIPE(tm) multiprotocol cards
    • depends on WAN_ROUTER_DRIVERS && WAN_ROUTER && (PCI || ISA) && BROKEN
      Driver for S514-PCI/ISA Synchronous Data Link Adapters (SDLA).
      WANPIPE from Sangoma Technologies Inc. <http://www.sangoma.com/> is a family of intelligent multiprotocol WAN adapters with data transfer rates up to 4Mbit/s. Cards support:
      - X.25, Frame Relay, PPP, Cisco HDLC protocols.
      - API for protocols like HDLC (LAPB), HDLC Streaming, X.25, Frame Relay and BiSync.
      - Ethernet Bridging over Frame Relay protocol.
      - MULTILINK PPP
      - Async PPP (Modem Dialup)
      The next questions will ask you about the protocols you want the driver to support.
      If you have one or more of these cards, say M to this option; and read <file:Documentation/networking/wan-router.txt>.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called wanpipe.


  • Option: WANPIPE_CHDLC
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) WANPIPE Cisco HDLC support
    • depends on VENDOR_SANGOMA
      Connect a WANPIPE card to a leased line using the Cisco HDLC.
      - Supports Dual Port Cisco HDLC on the S514-PCI/S508-ISA cards which allows user to build applications using the HDLC streaming API.
      - CHDLC Streaming MULTILINK PPP that can bind multiple WANPIPE T1 cards into a single logical channel.
      Say Y and the Cisco HDLC support, HDLC streaming API and MULTILINK PPP will be included in the driver.


  • Option: WANPIPE_FR
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) WANPIPE Frame Relay support
    • depends on VENDOR_SANGOMA
      Connect a WANPIPE card to a Frame Relay network, or use Frame Felay API to develop custom applications.
      Contains the Ethernet Bridging over Frame Relay feature, where a WANPIPE frame relay link can be directly connected to the Linux kernel bridge. The Frame Relay option is supported on S514-PCI and S508-ISA cards.
      Say Y and the Frame Relay support will be included in the driver.


  • Option: WANPIPE_X25
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) WANPIPE X.25 support
    • depends on VENDOR_SANGOMA
      Connect a WANPIPE card to an X.25 network.
      Includes the X.25 API support for custom applications over the X.25 protocol. The X.25 option is supported on S514-PCI and S508-ISA cards.
      Say Y and the X.25 support will be included in the driver.


  • Option: WANPIPE_PPP
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) WANPIPE PPP support
    • depends on VENDOR_SANGOMA
      Connect a WANPIPE card to a leased line using Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP).
      The PPP option is supported on S514-PCI/S508-ISA cards.
      Say Y and the PPP support will be included in the driver.


  • Option: WANPIPE_MULTPPP
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) WANPIPE Multi-Port PPP support
    • depends on VENDOR_SANGOMA
      Connect a WANPIPE card to a leased line using Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP).
      Uses in-kernel SyncPPP protocol over the Sangoma HDLC Streaming adapter. In this case each Sangoma adapter port can support an independent PPP connection. For example, a single Quad-Port PCI adapter can support up to four independent PPP links. The PPP option is supported on S514-PCI/S508-ISA cards.
      Say Y and the Multi-Port PPP support will be included in the driver.


  • Option: CYCLADES_SYNC
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Cyclom 2X(tm) cards (EXPERIMENTAL)
    • depends on WAN_ROUTER_DRIVERS && (PCI || ISA)
      Cyclom 2X from Cyclades Corporation <http://www.cyclades.com/> is an intelligent multiprotocol WAN adapter with data transfer rates up to 512 kbit/s. These cards support the X.25 and SNA related protocols.
      While no documentation is available at this time please grab the wanconfig tarball in <http://www.conectiva.com.br/~acme/cycsyn-devel/> (with minor changes to make it compile with the current wanrouter include files; efforts are being made to use the original package available at <ftp://ftp.sangoma.com/>).
      Feel free to contact me or the cycsyn-devel mailing list at <acme@conectiva.com.br> and <cycsyn-devel@bazar.conectiva.com.br> for additional details, I hope to have documentation available as soon as possible. (Cyclades Brazil is writing the Documentation).
      The next questions will ask you about the protocols you want the driver to support (for now only X.25 is supported).
      If you have one or more of these cards, say Y to this option.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called cyclomx.


  • Option: CYCLOMX_X25
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Cyclom 2X X.25 support (EXPERIMENTAL)
    • depends on CYCLADES_SYNC
      Connect a Cyclom 2X card to an X.25 network.
      Enabling X.25 support will enlarge your kernel by about 11 kB.
X.25 network drivers


  • Option: LAPBETHER
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) LAPB over Ethernet driver (EXPERIMENTAL)
    • depends on WAN && LAPB && X25
      Driver for a pseudo device (typically called /dev/lapb0) which allows you to open an LAPB point-to-point connection to some other computer on your Ethernet network.
      In order to do this, you need to say Y or M to the driver for your Ethernet card as well as to "LAPB Data Link Driver".
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called lapbether.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: X25_ASY
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) X.25 async driver (EXPERIMENTAL)
    • depends on WAN && LAPB && X25
      Send and receive X.25 frames over regular asynchronous serial lines such as telephone lines equipped with ordinary modems.
      Experts should note that this driver doesn't currently comply with the asynchronous HDLS framing protocols in CCITT recommendation X.25.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called x25_asy.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: SBNI
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off/module) Granch SBNI12 Leased Line adapter support
    • depends on WAN && X86
      Driver for ISA SBNI12-xx cards which are low cost alternatives to leased line modems.
      You can find more information and last versions of drivers and utilities at <http://www.granch.ru/>. If you have any question you can send email to <sbni@granch.ru>.
      To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called sbni.
      If unsure, say N.


  • Option: SBNI_MULTILINE
    • Kernel Versions: 2.6.15.6 ...
    • (on/off) Multiple line feature support
    • depends on SBNI
      Schedule traffic for some parallel lines, via SBNI12 adapters.
      If you have two computers connected with two parallel lines it's possible to increase transfer rate nearly twice. You should have a program named 'sbniconfig' to configure adapters.
      If unsure, say N.



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