Reading is essential in all areas of life. Whether you are illiterate, or an English professor, you will benefit from improving your reading skills.
- Learn the language and basic grammar. In order to read something, you must first acquaint yourself with the language and grammar of the reading material.
- Look at the words without verbalising to convert to ideas in your head. As you progress in proficiency, learn to look at words of related ideas, then phrases, then sentences, then paragraphs to convert them to ideas in your head effectively.
- Relate the ideas derived from the above exercise to other ideas to weave them in, which will help you make connections in your mind and understand what you read.
- As you convert the printed words to ideas, think critically about it to look for any errors and inconsistencies. Inconsistencies may be internal (meaning that the reading material contradicts itself), or external (meaning that the reading material contradicts other sources, established facts, or reality). Clear these inconsistencies as you read to prevent cognitive dissonance and be able to make sense of what you read.
- Think of possible applications. The purpose of reading is to be able to apply what you read, for otherwise it will do you no good. Think as you read and consider the situations whereby you may apply what you read. When these situations do arise, apply what you have read.
- Reading is an art and a science that take much practise. No matter where you start, as long as you start somewhere, make sure you practise your reading skills daily and consistently.